Meditation usually refers to the State of focus concentrated on an object of thought or conscience. The bottom of the meditation arises the purpose of entering a higher State of consciousness. It is usually based of ancient beliefs that make up the component of Eastern religions. His practice has been more than 5,000 years.
When it comes to meditation, different beliefs have different spiritual and psychological practices to develop or achieve a greater degree of mental consciousness. Many religions have developed its own method and the technique of meditation that allows its adherents to reach a higher State of consciousness.
The differences in the techniques used can be classified according to their approach. There are some techniques that focus on a perception or experience while there are others that focus on a specific object to achieve a greater awareness. There are also some forms of meditation that combines the use of an open approach and the use of a specific object to focus on his practice to achieve a higher State of consciousness.
One of the popular religions known to practice meditation is Hinduism. It is considered as the oldest religion that focuses on meditation as a spiritual and religious practice. There are various forms of meditation practice that is in the different sects of Hinduism. The main of them is the Yoga, one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy. It provides various types of meditation that Hindu believers and even a number of Western adherents have learned into practice.
In many forms of Yoga is the Raja Yoga that eight members of the spiritual practices, with half of them classified as meditation. Then there is the Vedanta which is a form of Jnana Yoga. The Surat Shabd Yoga uses a form of meditation that uses sound and light to achieve a higher State of consciousness. It is also the Bhakti Yoga that practices a form of meditation that focuses on an object of love and devotion. Japa Yoga that practices a form of meditation, where a mantra is repeated in voice high or silently. It is also the Hatha Yoga which are used different postures and positions in meditation to increase spiritual power.
In Hinduism, the object of meditation is to reach a calm state of mind. In the Yoga Sutras, there are five different moods as described. It is the Ksipta which describes an agitated state of mind may not think to hear or keep quiet. Then there is the Mudha, a State of mind that no information seems to come in the brain. The Viksipta is regarded as a State of mind where information may come to mind but is not able to process higher. In this State, the mind moves of a thought to another and in a confused inner speech.
The Ekagra is another State of mind which is characterized by calm but does not sleep. This state allows a person to stay focused and pay attention. The highest status that can achieve a mind is probably in Nurodha where the mind is no longer disrupted by erratic thoughts and is completely focused and totally focused on what makes a person. This will provide a basic background of meditation that allows you to gain a better understanding of how it is being practiced.