Parkinsons disease is a neura-degenerativa condition, IE there is progressive loss of the functions of the nervous system. This closure does not happen overnight, but very, very slowly. A patient is gradually slid towards below a deep abyss of no return. Parkinsons dementia is very similar to Alzheimer’s disease and only a doctor can differentiate between the two. Parkinsons dementia usually attacks people over 60 years, but today is amazing people at a much younger age. Parkinsons dementia is also known as Parkinsons disease dementia or PDD. Before that we are going to learn a little of Parkinsons dementia and treatment in the following phases, should know that the most common characteristic of Parkinson’s disease is dementia. Studies have shown that only about 20% of people with Parkinsondisease can develop Parkinsons dementia or PDD. Parkinson’s patients who develop hallucinations are at greater risk of developing dementia of Parkinson.
What is Parkinsons disease
It’s a chronic, progressive disease that occurs when the cells of the group in the substantia nigra of the brain are subject to a malfunction and die as a result. There are death cause loss of a neurotransmitter called dopamine. This chemical Messenger is very important for the transport of signals from the brain that controls movement, coordination and the initiation and causing problems with memory and decision making.
Causes of dementia in Parkinson’s
The Parkinsons causes of dementia are not yet very clear. Said neurotransmitters wrong operation may be due to high levels of herbicides and pesticides on the environment. Parkinson’s other cause may be a serious physical or emotional trauma. In some cases, Parkinsons disease dementia is caused due to genetics and hereditary factors. When one inherits the Parkinsongene for the disease to s through an autosomal dominant inheritance, can result in Parkinsondisease.
Stages of dementia of Parkinson
There are five Parkinsonstages of dementia s. These stages of Parkinson’s disease can be explained as follows:
Phase I: is the mild or early Parkinsonstage of dementia s. usually, these early symptoms of Parkinson’s disease affects only one side of the body. These symptoms tend to be a little uncomfortable for the patient, but are not totally disabling. There is a tremor in a limb, slight changes in posture, movement and facial expression seen.
Phase II: At this stage, are affected both sides of the body and the person has a normal posture. There are minimum inability with some problems in the normal way. The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include stiffness of the limbs and body movements that are slow. The patient tends to show positive response to medicines.
Phase III: Here, both sides of the body get affected with less than the foot imbalances and walking. Even at this stage, the patient is independent and has moderately severe widespread disability. The patient shows dyskinesias, leading to the effects of medications, etc..
Phase IV: This is an advanced stage where the patient has to disable instability on the foot or walk. There is a marked change in the posture and the patient has problems speaking, sleep and the deterioration of the autonomic nervous system and can lead to him often to fall. At this stage, the person needs help and tremors appear to reduce in comparison with the initial stages.
Phase V: the severe and fully developed Parkinsons of disease stage. The patient becomes in restricted to a wheelchair or bed. The patient shows cognitive functions, loss of capacities and needs of motor constant nursing care. The patient has incontinence of bowel and bladder, loss of ability to deliver to the sleeping, inability to speak or to find the right word. The patient has impairment of intelligence and develops infections such as pneumonia. The patient tend to develop the loss of appetite, breathing difficulty, problems swallowing and severe agitation. They tend to fall more often leads to many injuries. Develop depression and anxiety because of its status. It is very common to see Parkinsons in the final stage dementia hallucinations. This is due to the process of neuro-degenerative also causing delusions, phobias, and changes in personality besides Parkinsonhallucinations of dementia s.
Treatment of Parkinson’s dementia
There is no cure for Parkinsons disease dementia, but there are treatment options available that help reduce the Parkinsons dementia symptoms These treatment options to help improve the prognosis of Parkinson’s disease. The Parkinsons treatment include drugs such as levodopa, carbidopa, Entacapone, dopamine agonists and monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Surgical options for Parkinsons dementia include deep brain stimulation (DBS) that helps in the reduction of muscle stiffness and slow movements. Physical therapy, exercises, and group welfare programmes are part of Parkinsontreatment of dementia s.
Life expectancy of dementia of Parkinson
The Parkinsons disease dementia progresses gradually over time. The Parkinsons dementia life expectancy is lower than the without the disease. In some people, the disease can take more than 20 years to progress and in some, it may progress rapidly. The cause of death in Parkinsons dementia is never the disease itself. It is mainly due to the complications associated with it. These may include a fatal fall, asphyxia, sepsis, stroke, vascular disease chronic infection of the brain. The Parkinsons disease life expectancy has improved with treatment options available today, as well as the quality of life of these patients has improved a lot.
Parkinsons disease as well as Alzheimer’s disease is seen elderly who are more than 60. It is very common to see patients with Parkinsons dementia develop dementia of Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, these patients can benefit from medication for dementia of Alzheimer’s as well. Therefore, it is very important to visit a neurologist that can determine whether of Parkinsons dementia, dementia of Alzheimer’s disease or a similar disorder called dementia with bodies of Lewy (DBL). This was Parkinsons dementia and treatment phases. There is no cure but a neurologist in Parkinsons dementia treatment may help reduce the severity of the symptoms.
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