Obstructive sleep apnea: everyone is concerned

Obstructive sleep apnea: everyone is concerned

While age and body mass index (BMI) are factors
known risk of the syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), this disorder is
yet present in other age groups and weight. This pattern established the
patient at risk for obstructive sleep apnea could lead to under-diagnosis of other
risk populations, particularly young people who are not
overweight.

– The young and too thin-An increase in chronic respiratory disease
The young and too thin

To test the hypothesis that the syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea
should not be overlooked in young, normal weight, indicating
excessive sleepiness during the day, a prospective study was conducted
with 270 patients with OSA: 120 young people doing their military service, 80
soldiers and 70 civilians.
Young recruits were much younger and thinner than the military
Career and civilians, respectively 48.8% and 64.3% were obese. The
severity of the syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea has not been set
BMI correlates with youth in military service. By cons, in
37.5% of them, the severity of apnea was important, 42.5% of cons
military career and 45.7% of civilians. There was no difference in BMI
between the young soldiers with severe apnea and those with apnea
mild to moderate.

Chronic respiratory disease on the rise

The syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea results from obstruction of the periodic
upper respiratory tract. It is characterized by repeated blockages
complete (interruption of breathing for more than 10 seconds) or incomplete
(Decrease of 50% or more of the breakdown) of the pharynx. The brain of the sleeper
detects a problem and its causes awake (conscious or not). Drowsiness
daytime fatigue and are the direct consequences of this disorder, which in the case
severe, may increase the risk of heart disease.

This sleep disorder is extremely common, affecting 24% and 9%
men and women of middle age. Sleep apnea is nowadays considered
as the second chronic respiratory disease after asthma.