The human body is a fascinating system with an intricate network of nerves and connective tissue that attached all the organs of the body together. The nervous system is between the systems of the vital body, which transmits information from the brain to all parts of the body. Vagus nerve is between vital cranial nerves in the body that performs a series of functions. Sometimes, due to a disease or a condition of health, the nerve tends to get damaged. This can lead to disorders of vagus nerve, which can take a turn serious if not requested medical intervention. Let’s take a look at what is the vagus nerve with symptoms that may arise due to the damage of the vagus nerve.
Vagus nerve: A brief overview
There are twelve pairs of cranial nerves in the human body’s system. The tenth pair of cranial nerve is known as the vagus nerve. This nerve is also known as the wandering, (vague in Latin means ‘mobile’ or ‘wandering’), that travels from the core of the brain to the viscera (or abdomen) in the form of zig-zag. The vagus nerve has several branches that connect the ears, larynx (or communicate), heart, lungs and stomach. One of the main functions of the vagus nerve is to transmit information on the work of the organs to the brain. It also governs reflex responses of the bodies. Other functions of the vagus nerve include the regulation of the heartbeat, breathing, controlling the movements or contractions of muscles and transport of chemical products etc.. Selective stimulation of the vagus nerve is a therapeutic method for treating depression and epilepsy. However, in the stimulation of the vagus nerve can interrupt the circulation of the blood and cause even the person in a State of coma.
Symptoms of disorders of vagus nerve
Vagus nerve disorders can affect the functioning of the digestive system, cardiovascular system and also give rise to problems in the sensory organs. The following figure are some symptoms that can help identify the vagus nerve disorders in the body.
One of the symptoms of disorders of vagus main is pain. This can be seen as one of the symptoms of clamping vagus nerve. Pain is considered as a signal for transmission to the brain that a part of the body has been affected due to the presence of a disorder. Neuralgia is also known as neuralgia and can occur for several reasons, such as injury, stroke or trauma to the nerve and the nerve clamping. Pain can travel all over the affected region.
Damaged or irritated vagus nerve symptoms may be seen as a dysfunction of organs in the body. Nerve damage can lead to a disruption in the functioning of the organs and cause organ failure, which can prove fatal in some cases.
Muscle cramps due to the weak muscles is also one of the symptoms of disorders of the vagus nerve. This can damage the nerves, especially motor nerve which may cause difficulties to move fingers or grab things. Peroneal nerve damage may hinder the person walking.
Dysphagia or difficulty swallowing is also one of the signs of the vagus nerve disorders. This symptom may occur due to the damage of the nerve that controls the movements of the mouth and tongue. Gag reflex is also lost due to damaged nerves.
Peptic ulcer disease is also common in people who suffer from disorders of the vagus nerve. This is because the stomach is unable to control the production of acids. This leads to the formation of stomach ulcers in the inner lining of the stomach. Some other symptoms of damage of the vagus nerve are changes in the voice, constipation due to digestive problems, arrhythmia and urinary incontinence, which is the inability to control the release of urine, etc..
Treatment of disorders of vagus nerve
It is always advisable to consult a doctor in the event that a person is suffering from disorders of the vagus nerve. In case of depression and epilepsy, the physician may opt to stimulation of the vagus nerve (VNS). This therapy involves the implantation of a device, similar to a pacemaker in his chest. Electrical impulses are passed to the brain through the cables under the skin, which help control the symptoms of depression. In case of epilepsy, these signals maintain control over the seizures and reduce their frequency of appearance. For the treatment of peptic ulcer or stomach, a surgical procedure called vagotomy is carried out. This procedure involves the cutting of the nerve and reduces hunger. However, this process is still under investigation.
Vagus nerve disorders may be a cause for concern, since bodies vital body of interconnection â€ “the heart and lungs.” Timely intervention medical in the event of any disorder of nerves, should therefore seek can cause permanent disability. Take care!
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