Head numb or numbness of the head may be the result of the irritation of the nerve, or a nervous clamping, especially in the region of upper back and neck. The medical term for this condition is head paresthesia. It is usually caused by stress and anxiety and muscle problems in the neck, shoulders, and upper lumbar region. But, occasionally, numbness of the head may be an indicator of more serious conditions. Here is a brief overview of causes of head numb.
Numb head causes and symptoms
As already mentioned, most of the time, numbness head is caused by trauma or injury and stress on the muscles of the neck and upper back region. Such a condition usually puts pressure on the nerves that escalated into the scalp. Generally, irritation of the nerves trigeminal and cervical nerve, disorders of the spine, neurological diseases, infections, as well as Herniated discs are associated with numb head. The following explains some of the most common causes of head numb
Multiple sclerosis is autoimmune neurological disorder, which can cause numbness of head. It can affect the brain and spinal cord to cause numbness head, along with blurred vision, paralysis of one side of the body and dizziness.
Herpes zoster, commonly known as shingles can affect cervical nerve and trigeminal nerve, causing numbness and tingling on one side of the face and head.
Meningitis is an infectious disease, caused by the bacterium, and affects the meninges of the brain. Head, headache, nausea and fever may also cause numbness.
Epilepsy can be other causes of numbness of head. Sensations of tingling, seizures, muscle spasms and loss of consciousness are also caused by this disease.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a nerve disorder that primarily affects adults. The exact causes of this disease are not known, but affects the trigeminal nerve cause numbness in the head and facial region.
Stroke can be one of the conditions of health, which may be associated with head numbness. You can interrupt the blood supply to the brain, which can cause numbness of head.
As transient ischaemic infarction, cerebrovascular accident may also cause numbness head blocking the blood supply to the brain. However, it is a less serious state of stroke, it disrupts the blood supply to the brain only for a short period of time.
Injuries to the spinal cord, as well as spinal disorders such as degenerative diseases of the disc, spinal arthritis and Herniated discs can also cause numb head. Head injury is another common factor that can also cause numbness and tingling in the head.
Apart from these, some other head numb cause, brain tumor, disorder vertebrobasilar circulatory, hyperkalemia, vasculitis, migraine, spondylitis, disease Lyme, etc..
Head numb sometimes, is accompanied by a tingling sensation. Apart from this, one can experience pain, dizziness and nausea. The presence of such symptoms numb headache may indicate a health problem more serious than the minor injury or trauma to the regions of neck and back muscles.
Treatment of head numb
Treatment of numbness head depends on the diagnosis of the underlying causes or health conditions. Therefore, doctors performed a comprehensive analysis of the patient’s medical history, as well as the history of symptoms, such as the time and the frequency of appearance, the exact location where felt numbness, and if numbness is accompanied by other symptoms such as, dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, pain, etc.. The next step in diagnosis is a series of neurological tests including studies of nerve conduction electromyography and nerve biopsy. The blood test is also performed to find the number of blood cells, hemoglobin, the level of minerals such as calcium and magnesium and the level of vitamin B12 and thiamine.
Once the exact cause of numb head is determined with the help of these diagnostic tests, doctors prescribe appropriate medications, supplements and therapies to treat the condition. Sometimes, anti-inflammatory and antidepressant drugs can also be necessary for the treatment of head numbness, depending on the underlying condition. At the same time, appropriate stress management can help make front with head numbness and other associated discomfort. Meditation and stress relief techniques are some of the proven and effective ways in this regard.
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Thus, a proper diagnosis of causes of head numb can play an important role in the treatment of the disease and prevent some complications that can arise if numbness of head is not treated in time. If you experience numbness in the head during a considerable period of time, and is accompanied by symptoms as a problem of vision, dizziness, headache, loss of consciousness, etc., it is then more likely to associate with the injury to the nerves or disorder. This condition, if not diagnosed and treated in time, can lead to some serious neurological complications.