How to care for someone with Alzheimer’s disease?
The family or spouse of a person with Alzheimer’s disease often want to deal
as long as possible. However it is a very difficult task, and should not hesitate to make
advise and assist.
What difficulties lie ahead of the goodwill of relatives?
The subject having the disease gradually loses all sense of communication with the surroundings. The
landmarks disappear. It is psychologically very difficult for spouses to agree to no longer be
recognized (in the original sense) or not being able to explain what it does.
Then, the evolution, even slowed by as much as possible of attentive care and treatment properly followed,
is sometimes discouraging.
Finally the complications of Alzheimer’s disease quickly exceed the capacity of the carer in
especially if the spouse is age itself. Even with the best intentions, it will
not always respond to everything.
However, the person who wants to help can. The advice given either by associations or
by institutions prevail on the outline below. These are intended only for you
to realize that it is possible to participate actively in the improvement of the disease.
Seven components essential interest you:
1 – Try to preserve the patient’s environment
It must remain in their familiar surroundings as long as possible. Its usual
soothes and helps him keep his bearings. It will be better able to recognize him and his
anguish and anxiety will be reduced. You must keep a soft tone, be patient. Never change
habits of the patient and make sure it exists around him under the stress factors
possible. Requirements for the recognition of places are important. For example you can do
repaint the doors of a certain color or place a series of articles for the patient to follow
as you would with a list. Thus, the patient will find the door of his room more easily or
know what it takes to make her toilet. Encourage visits. The patient may recognize some
people who are dear to him. But these contacts should be brief. In all cases, introduce him
visitors and put them in the context in which they were known. This promotes the markers in time and
2 – Protect the patient’s own risk
Arrange the house or apartment as functionally possible. Remove carpets that are
dangerous. Do the same with the furniture they are unstable. If certain pieces of furniture are
obstacles to the passage of the patient, feel free to move, because the more the medium is devoid of danger,
more patient autonomy is possible. Ensure that the patient takes many medications, his
meal. Also make sure to never leave the patient to walk alone outside. The risk of runaway
are very important and can be dangerous. For safety, in case you plan
walks outside, make him wear a bracelet or pendant. It will coordinate its
perhaps to get help to find the way home.
3 – Reassure the patient
Anxiety is due to the fact that the patient is often aware of her troubles. You have a role
important. During the day, promote recreational activities, preferring simple (marches, meetings,
visits, etc..). Avoid situations that cause stress. If the patient is incoherent, not
not correct. Let him speak. At night, leave a night light on to the patient. This light
Fresh reduced anxiety.
4 – Improve communication
We must speak slowly and calmly to the patient. As it forgets the words, understanding decreases.
Be careful to make simple sentences, clear, easy to understand so that it remains in contact with
you and the outside.
5 – Preserve autonomy
Maintain basic hygiene, toileting, feeding activities are sometimes impossible
for the patient. In this case, be attentive to their needs. Carers (doctors,
Nurse (eras), physiotherapists, psychologists) can help you. An occupational therapist will know you
give useful advice to simplify everyday tasks. Organize them by short stages,
simple, not tiring for the patient. Help him to accomplish these tasks, do not do it for him. It
the patient must guard its autonomy as long as possible.
6 – Fill emotional needs
Put on some classical music or soft. Behave yourself gently holding her hand, stroking
the patient. This will understand these signs and seek to express its appreciation for your presence. If
you have a pet, leave it with the patient because the unconditional affection is beneficial to
its management. If you both want to have sex, know that it poses no
7 – Help him eat
The patient with Alzheimer’s disease must continue to eat a balanced diet. Gold meals
are often troublesome, as patients play with food and do not include
interest in eating. You have to help by offering him food he likes or liked. As with any
activity, one thing at once: one dish, small quantities, make them warm if the is
is cool, serve warm, cut the meat into small pieces, etc.. If the patient has problems
coordination, help you to a specialist (occupational therapist). Thus, so you can accomplish your
role at best, do not hesitate to rely on the knowledge of caregivers. Also look for solace
yourself. You can possibly refer you to a psychiatrist or psychologist who will give you the
tools to better understand what is happening and better manage your own energy. Do not hesitate to
meet members of associations. These are people who have gone through the same steps as
you and that will give you all the essential tips to ensure your role in
best conditions for you and the person you spend all your time and your