Arthritis knee surgery
Arthritis is a degenerative disease of joints, causing the breakdown of cartilage, resulting in swelling and inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis that affects the joints of the knee. Arthritis of the knee is also caused by gout, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis or infection. Age (over 50 people), overweight, knee injuries, trauma, damage of ligament, deposition of crystals of uric acid and abnormal structure of the body are the risk factors for arthritis of the knee.
A person with arthritis of the knee may experience pain in the knee during activities, swelling and tenderness, rigidity of knee, cracking noise and the limited range of motion. Knee arthritis is diagnosed with the help of physical examination and test results, such as analysis of x-ray x and MRI images. Arthritis of the knee can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs not steroids (NSAID), support of knee pads, physical therapy, muscle relaxing and treatment of heat and cold. Given that obesity is one of the factors of risk for arthritis of the knee, lose excess weight and maintain a normal body weight are a major regime for the treatment of arthritis of the knee. An exercise program well planned can help to reduce stiffness in the knee joints and improve range of motion. When these treatments are not useful in relieving symptoms, an orthopedist can recommend the knee surgery. Read on to find out about different surgical options for the treatment of arthritis.
For the treatment of arthritis knee surgery
Arthritis of the knee can be treated with different surgical methods as synovectomy, osteotomy, arthroscopy, Arthroplasty, replacement of unicompartmental knee and total knee replacement. For the treatment of arthritis knee surgery is aimed at relieving pain in the joints, reduce stiffness articulate and improve range of motion as well as the emergence of deformed joints.
Arthroscopy: Is the surgical procedure, which provides a direct view of the common structure with the help of arthroscope. As arthroscope is attached to the closed-circuit television, arthroscopic surgery can be used to determine the type of arthritis and the amount of damage to the knee. You can perform the Arthroscopic Knee under local anesthesia surgery. Arthroscopy cleanse is beneficial in cases of mild to moderate arthritis of the knee. However, the benefits of arthroscopic surgery are temporary and the symptoms may appear after some time.
Synovectomy: This procedure may be performed as an open surgery or using an arthroscope. In this surgical procedure, it takes away synovial sick (lining joint soft tissue). This helps to reduce pain and inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis. But, the results can be temporary and synovial can grow after a few years.
Osteotomy: For most arthritis of the knee, they may develop some leg deformities such as arching and knock-knee, which may worsen the symptoms of arthritis of the knee. These deformities can be corrected with the help of osteotomy. This surgical procedure is to cut and repositioning of the bone, the tibia bone or femur, due to which is to improve the alignment of the leg. This helps to relieve pain and control the symptoms of arthritis.
Arthroplasty: Arthroplasty involves the reconstruction of the knee joints. He also referred to as total replacement set, in which a part or whole arthritic joint is removed. Generally, it replaces with pieces of pottery, plastics and metals. In this surgical procedure, is revived the end of the bone where has worn away cartilage. This procedure allows that many people disabled to recover the joint activity of the knee.
Unicompartmental knee replacement: is also known as partial knee replacement. This surgical option is an option of good treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee. Two compartments of knee compartment only may be affected by arthritis, while another may be normal. This surgical procedure minimally invasive implies the replacement of only damaged parts of the compartment. This surgery is beneficial for people with serious knee arthritis. Main benefits of partial knee replacement surgery are smaller incision, less blood loss and a shorter duration for recovery. This surgery helps reduce symptoms and improves range of motion. However, the main disadvantage of unicompartmental knee replacement surgery is that this compartment does not replace the knee can deteriorate over time.
Replacement of total knee: Total knee replacement is necessary in most cases of osteoarthritis of the knee. People with mobility articulate hampered, bad functioning of the joints of the knee and activities limited because of pain and inflammation are recommended to undergo this surgery. In this surgical procedure, the ends of damaged lower leg bones and thighbones, and bearing are replaced with artificial implants from plastic or metal. The artificial joint is connected to shin, the femur and patella with cement or a special material. There are different types of implants cemented replacements of the knee knee replacement and adjustment of the press knee replacements. Complete surfaces on the ends of the femur and the lower leg bone are replaced. More often, general anesthesia is preferred for joint replacement surgery. Knee replacement implants can last about 10 to 15 years in 90-95% of patients. Total knee replacement surgery helps to relive the pain and stiffness in the joints to improve the mobility and functioning of the knee joints.
Knee surgery is one of the most effective options for the treatment of arthritis, which helps to relieve the symptoms of painful arthritis and restore normal function of the knee joints. This allows a person to perform the daily tasks of routine with ease.